Joe Breeze on the subject of Cleland Cycles...
"I think Geoff Apps and his Cleland bikes have evolutionary linkage. Not to Marin, but he had (has?) a following in the UK. His line might even precede the Marin lineage."
In reality the two lineages ran separately until about 1981
when Geoff read about what was happenning in the States and made contact. The early English movement was later to be swamped by the import of cheaper US derived bikes. Today the tradition is continued by a small group of enthusiasts who appreciate the unique character and ethos of these bikes.
It's not just a retro-tradition based on nostalgia either, as these bikes work extremely well.
Geoff Apps and others continue to develop and improve them by creating and testing new prototypes. If you suffer from back or wrist fatigue or are simply fed up with: muddy wet clothing, mud damaged components, and the hassle this creates, the Cleland may be the ideal design solution for you.
One problem is that a bike industry that makes lots of money from worn out parts, is not keen on low maintenance practical designs.
So the Cleland is one of only a handful of mountain bike designs that did not develop from the 1970-'80s' Marin bikes.
Instead it connected to the English green-laning tradition known as the 'RoughStuff Fellowship'
which was founded in 1955
From this handful of parallel designs, the Cleland lineage is the only tradition that continues today. An endangerd bike species, yes! But extinct no! Not as long as they're still being ridden.
Check out this link for the history of Cleland Cycles and the beginnings of of Mountain Biking in Britain.
http://www.james-walters.net/cleland/cl ... story.html