Pantani had a naturally high red blood cell. When he broke his leg is 199? . The doctors were amazed by his red blood cell count. Even when he was in hospital with no drugs in him he was still over the UCI upper limit. Only once he had died people started considering that his RBC count was naturally high.
The post 1995 (I think) crash is covered in the book too.
Pantani went to hospital with a very high red blood cell count but he became so anaemic that without treatment he would have died! His red blood cell count then climbed and the book includes a suggestion from the treating doctor that EPO was adminstered in the hospital (but not by one of the hospital staff)!
From the bits that I have read Pantani was regularly under the UCI upper limit too - I am saddened by all this as I thought that in his peak years Pantani was fantastic but I do accept that it was not unaided.
I don't want to come down as a Pantani basher - there are many as bad or worse e.g. Virenque - it's just a book that I happen to be reading as the latest events unfold.